راهبردهای تأمین امنیت ملی پایدار در مناطق مرزی کشور با رویکرد سیاست‌های کلی

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه مدیریت، دانشکده علوم انسانی آزادشهر، دانشگاه گنبد کاووس، گنبد کاووس، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه کارآفرینی، دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران

10.30507/jmsp.2021.270891.2193

چکیده

امروزه یکی از دغدغه‌های اصلی حکومت‌ها، مسأله تأمین امنیت مناطق مرزی است. هرچه این مناطق از حیث جغرافیایی و جمعیت‌شناختی، گسترده‌تر و متنوع‌تر باشند، تأمین امنیت آن‌ها حائز اهمیت بیشتری است. از جمله فعالیت‌های اقتصادی- اجتماعی که می‌تواند به توسعه پایدار در مناطق مرزی منجر شود، فعالیت‌های کارآفرینانه است و پژوهش حاضر در پی پاسخ‌گویی به این پرسش است که آیا کارآفرینی می‌تواند به‌عنوان راهبردی اساسی در تأمین امنیت پایدار مناطق مرزی مورد توجه سیاست‌گذاران و برنامه‌ریزان قرار گیرد؟ بدین‌منظور با بهره‌گیری از یک طرح پژوهشی کیفی روایتی، پژوهش‌ها، مفاهیم و نظریه‌های مرتبط با تأمین امنیت پایدار، کارآفرینی و برنامه‌ریزی توسعه کارآفرینی، بررسی و با رویکردی استدلالی و تفسیری، کارکردهای پدیده کارآفرینی به‌عنوان راهبرد توسعه مناطق مرزی تحلیل شد. نتایج حاکی است توسعه کارآفرینی می‌تواند به‌عنوان راهبردی کارا و اثربخش در تأمین امنیت مناطق مرزی محسوب شود؛ به‌گونه‌ای که هم برای ساکنین این مناطق و هم برای حکومت‌ها، رابطه برد- برد ایجاد می‌نماید. کارآفرینی علاوه بر ایجاد مزیت‌های متعدد اقتصادی، فرهنگی و اجتماعی، می‌تواند به افزایش امید و پویایی، شکوفایی استعدادها، توانایی‌ها و قابلیت‌های ساکنین مناطق مرزی منجر شود. نتایج در راستای سیاست‌های کلّی نظام از جمله سیاست‌های جمعیتی، آمایش سرزمینی و پدافند غیرعامل است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Sustainable National Security Strategies in Border Areas of the Country using a General Policies Approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hadi Sanaeepour 1
  • Mehdi Zivdar 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Management, Faculty of Humanities, Gonbad Kavous University
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Entrepreneurship, Faculty of Management and Economics, University of Sistan and Baluchestan
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, one of the main concerns of governments is the security of border areas. The wider and more diverse these areas are geographically and demographically, the more important it is to ensure their security. Entrepreneurial activities are among the socio-economic activities that can lead to sustainable development in border areas and the present study seeks to answer the question of whether entrepreneurship can be considered by policymakers and planners as a fundamental strategy in ensuring sustainable security of border areas. Therefor, using the qualitative method of narrative research design, concepts and theories related to sustainable security, entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship development planning, and with an explanatory and interpretive approach, the functions of the entrepreneurship phenomenon as a strategy for the development of border areas were analyzed. The results show that entrepreneurship development can be considered as an efficient and effective strategy in providing security in border areas; In a way that creates a win-win relationship for both the residents of these areas and the governments. Entrepreneurship, in addition to creating numerous economic, cultural and social benefits, can lead to increased hope and dynamism, flourishing talents, abilities and capabilities of border residents. The results are in line with the general policies of the system, including population policies, land land use planning and passive defense.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sustainable Security
  • sustainable Entrepreneurship
  • entrepreneurship development
  • strategy
  • Border Areas
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