مطالعة تطبیقی سیاست‌های نظام آموزش عالی کشاورزی با رویکرد سیاست‌های کلان بخش کشاورزی ایران

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده علوم دامی و شیلات، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری، ساری، ایران

2 استادیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده علوم زراعی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری، ساری، ایران

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی رشته ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده علوم زراعی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری، ساری، ایران

10.30507/jmsp.2021.282139.2231

چکیده

امروزه آموزش عالی کشاورزی با چالش‌هایی رو به رو است که از جمله مهم‌ترین آن‌ها کاهش استقبال افراد برای تحصیل در رشته‌های مذکور و افزایش بیکاری در بین دانش‎آموختگانش است. بنابراین مطالعه سیاست‌های این نظام در کشورهای پیشرو در حوزه کشاورزی بسیار کمک‌کننده است. هدف اصلی این مقاله بررسی سیاست‌های آموزش عالی کشاورزی با رویکرد سیاست‌های کلان بخش کشاورزی کشور بود. کشورهای مورد مطالعه شامل ایالات متحده آمریکا، هلند و هندوستان بود که با روش تطبیقی و استفاده از الگوی بردی انجام شد. نتایج مطالعه نشان داد که نظام آموزش عالی کشاورزی در سراسر جهان با تهدیداتی مواجه است و این موضوع عمومیت داشته و تنها مختص کشور خاصی نیست اما تفاوت کشورها در پاسخگویی و چاره اندیشیدن به تهدیدها و تدوین سیاست‌های منسجم شفاف و کارآمد و عمل کردن به آن‌ها است که میزان موفقیت کشورها را رقم می‌زند. مطابق با یافته‌ها و مطالعه کشورهای مشابه‌تر به ایران اجرای راهبردهایی از جمله برندسازی و جهت‌گیری بازاریابی برای نظام آموزش عالی کشاورزی پیشنهاد شده است. همچنین، یافته‌های تحقیق در تدوین سیاست‌های و راهبردهای نظام آموزش عالی کشاورزی به سیاست‌گذاران این حوزه کمک می‌کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Comparative Study of Agricultural Higher Education System Policies with an approach macro policies of Iran agricultural sector

نویسندگان [English]

  • Asadollah Teimouri 1
  • Fatemeh Shafiee 2
  • Fatemeh Razzaghi Borkhani 2
  • Parisa Noori Darzikolaie 3
1 Professor, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Animal Science and Fisheries, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Crop Science, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran
3 Bachelor Student of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Crop Science, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, higher education in agriculture has faced many challenges, which the most important one is reduction in the number of students who are interested in studying these majors and unemployment increasing rate among the graduated of agricultural colleges. Thus, study of the leading countries in the field of policies in this matter cab be very helpful. This paper aims to examine the agricultural higher education system policies with an approach macro policies of Iran agricultural sector. The studied cases, India, United States of America and Netherlands which leading countries in higher agricultural education, were choose as a statistical sample and using comparative analysis, similarities and differences were identified. The results showed that higher agricultural education has faces threats in the all of the world. This is a general issue and not just specific to a particular country but the difference between countries is in responding and thinking about threats and formulating coherent clear and efficient policies and acting on them determine the success rate of countries that determine the success rate of the countries. According to further findings and study of the experiences of countries more similar to Iran, the paper suggests more two strategies for the implementation of agricultural higher education policies such as branding and marketing orientation. Also, the result of this research can contribute to the policy makers in higher agricultural to provide the polices and strategies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • strategy
  • employment
  • Agriculture
  • threat
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