بررسی نقش میانجیگری نوآوری سازمانی در تاثیر قابلیت های یادگیری سازمانی بر عملکرد مالی شرکت های دولتی

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 هیئت علمی گروه مدیریت ،دانشگاه پیام نورتهران،تهران،ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت بازرگانی،دانشگاه پیام نور تهران،تهران،ایران

10.30507/jmsp.2020.102778

چکیده

این پژوهش به منظور بررسی نقش میانجیگری نوآوری سازمانی در تاثیر قابلیت های یادگیری سازمانی بر عملکرد مالی شرکت های دولتی انجام پذیرفته است. در این پژوهش قابلیت های یادگیری سازمانی شامل مولفه های تعهد مدیریتی، دیدگاه سیستمی، فضای باز و آزمایشگری و به اشتراک گذاری و یکپارچه‌سازی دانش می باشد. برای سنجش متغیرهای پژوهش از پرسشنامه استفاده گردید. روش تحقیق توصیفی از نوع همبستگی بود. جهت پاسخ به سوالات و بررسی فرضیات تحقیق با نرم افزار Smart-PLS از روش بررسی معادلات ساختاری و تحلیل مسیر به روش حداقل مربعات جزئی (PLS) استفاده گردید. نتایج نشان می دهد که قابلیت‌های یادگیری سازمانی و همه ابعاد آن بر نوآوری سازمانی و عملکرد مالی شرکت تاثیر مثبت و معنی داری دارند. نتایج همچنین تاثیر مثبت و معنی دار قابلیت‌های یادگیری سازمانی بر نوآوری سازمانی را نیز تایید می کند. نتایج همچنین نشان می دهد که نوآوری سازمانی بر عملکرد مالی شرکت تاثیر مثبت و معنی داری دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Mediating role of Organizational innovation in The effects of Organizational Learning Capabilities on public Corporates Financial Performance

نویسندگان [English]

  • mostafa taheri 1
  • Iman Azizi 2
1 Economics and management department, Payam Nour University, Masiri branch, iran
2 Economics and management department, Payam Nour University, Masiri branch, iran
چکیده [English]

This research was conducted to investigate the role of organizational innovation mediation on the impact of organizational learning capabilities on financial performance of the company. In this research, organizational learning capabilities include components of management commitment, system perspective, open space and experimentation, and sharing and integrating knowledge. A questionnaire was used to measure the variables of the research. The research method was descriptive correlational. In order to answer the questions and to investigate the research hypothesis with Smart-PLS software, structural equation analysis and path analysis using partial least squares (PLS) were used. The results show that organizational learning capabilities and all its dimensions have a positive and significant effect on organizational innovation and financial performance of the company. The results also confirm the positive and significant impact of organizational learning capabilities on organizational innovation. The results also show that organizational innovation has a positive and significant effect on financial performance of the company.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • organizational learning capabilities
  • Organizational Innovation
  • Corporate financial performance
Aghdasi, M., & Khakzar Befruei, M. (2009). “Comparative study of organizational learning capabilities as an organizational source of knowledge in public and private hospitals of Tehran: nurses perspectives”. Iran Journal of Nursing, 21(56), 69-79.
Ahmadi, P., & Pishdar, M. (2010). Organizational learning and innovation. The 3rd National Conference on Creative Studies (TRIZ) and Industrial Innovation Management in Iran. Tehran: Khane Moalem. Received from: https://www.civilica.com/Paper-ICIC03-ICIC03_100.html (Persian)
Akgün, A.E., Salih, Z.İ., İpek, K., Hüseyin, İ., & Halit, K. (2014). “Bridging Organizational Learning Capability and Firm Performance through Customer Relationship Management”. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 150, 531- 540.
Alegra, J., & Chiva, R. (2008). “Assessing the Impact of Organizational Learning Capability on Product Innovation Performance: An Emprical Test”. Technovation 28, 315-326.
Andersson, M., Lindgren, R., & Henfridsson, O. (2008). “Architectural knowledge in Interorganizational IT Innovation”. Journal of Strategic Information Systems, 17 (1), 19-38.
Armestrang, A., & Foley, P. (2003). “Foundation for a Learning Organization” . 10 (2), 14-82.
Baker, W.E., & Sinkula, J.M. (1999). “The synergistic effect of market orientation and learning orientation on organizational performance”. Journal of Academy Marketing Science, 27, 31-44.
Boroomand, M., & Ranjbari, M. (2009). “Strategic measures of human resource management and innovation: A knowledge management approach”. Police Organization Development, 24, 41-54. (Persian)
Brix, J. (2017). “Exploring knowledge creation processes as a source of organizational learning: A longitudinal case study of a public innovation project”. Scandinavian Journal of Management, 33, 113-127.
Camisón, C., & Villar-López, A. (2014). “Organizational innovation as an enabler of technological innovation capabilities and firm performance”. Journal of Business Research, 67, 2891-2902.
Ching Lin, T., & Chih Huang, C. (2009). “Understanding social loafing in knowledge contribution from the perspectives of justice and trust”. Expert Systems with Applications, 36, 6156-6163.
Chiva, R., & Alegre, J. (2009). “Organizational learning capability and job satisfaction: an empirical assessment in the ceramic tile industry”. British Journal of Management, 20, 323-340.
Daft, R.L., & Cross, H. (2004). Organization Theory and Design. New York.
Damanpour, F., & Aravind, D. (2011). “Managerial innovation: Conceptions, processes, and antecedents”. Management and Organization Review. [DOI.org/10.1111/j.1740-8784.2011.00233.x]       
Damanpour, F., Szabat, K.A., & Evan, W.M. (1989). “The relationship between types of innovation and organizational performance”. Journal of Management Studies, 26(6), 587-601.
Davarpanah, S., & Hoveida, R. (2017). “Analyzing the relationship between organizational learning and organizational indifference: The case of staffs in Isfahan University”. Journal of Modern Thoughts in Education, 13(49), 21-38. (Persian)
Duffield, S., & Whitty S.J. (2015). “Developing a systemic lessons learned knowledge model for organisational learning through projects”. International Journal of Project Management, 33, 311-324.
Ellinger, A.D., Ellinger, A.E., Yang, B., & Howton, S.W. (2002). “The relationship between the learning organization concept and firm’s financial performance: an empirical assessment”. Human Resource Development Quarterly, 13(1), 5-21.
Garrido-Moreno, A., & Padilla-Melendez, A. (2011). “Analyzing the impact of knowledge management on CRM success: The mediating effects of organizational factors”. International Journal of Information Management, 31, 437-444.
Goh, S.C. (2003). “Improving organizational learning capability: lessons from two case studies”. The Learning Organization, 10(4), 216-227.
Gomes, G., & Wojahn, R.M. (2017). “Organizational learning capability, innovation and performance: study insmall and medium-sized enterprises (SMES)”. Revista de Administração, 52, 163-175.
Gomez, J.P., Lorente, C.J., & Cabrera, V.R. (2005). “Organizational Learning Capability: A Proposal of Measurement”. Journal of Business Research, 58, 715-725.
Hair, J.F., Anderson, R.E., Tatham, R.L., & Black, W.C. (1998). Multivariate Data Analysis. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall.
Hajipoor, B., & Nazarpoorkashani, H. (2010). “The prioritization of organizational culture (Medo Queen) based on its effectiveness on organizational learning”. Strategic Management Thought, 4(1), 181-208. (Persian)
Hamel, G. (2006). The why, what and how of management innovation. Harvard Business Review, 72–84.
ـــــــــــــــــــــ (2009). “Management innovation”. Leadership Excellence, 26(5), 5.
Hanafizadeh, P., & Zare Ravasan, A. (2012). The method of analyzing multi-layer structures via smartPLS software. Tehran: Termeh. (Persian)
Hulland (1999). Use of partial least Science. Environment, Engineering and Technology Griffith University.
Kalmuk, G., & Acar, A.Z. (2015). “The Mediating Role of Organizational Learning Capability On The Relationship Between Innovation and Firm’s Performance: A Conceptual Framework”. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 210, 164-169.
Keramati, A., Mehrabi, H., & Mojir, N. (2010). “A process-oriented perspective on customer relationship management and organizational performance: An empirical investigation”. Industrial Marketing Managemwnt, 39,1170-1185.
Khanalizadeh, R., Kordnaich, A., Fani, A., & Moshabeki Esfahani, A. (2010). “The relationship between strengthening and organizational learning”. Transformation Management Journal, 2(3), 12-28. (Persian)
Khorsandi, M., Sadat Mirzazadeh, Z., & Salatin, M. (2015). “Analyzing the relationship between organizational learning capability and organizational performance in the ministry of sport in Khorasan Razavi province”. Scientific Journal of Organizational Behavior Management in Sport Studies, 2(7), 61-68. (Persian)
Kragulj, F. (2016). “Corrigendum to Conceptualising Needs to Enhance Organisational Learning and Enable Knowledge-Based Innovation”. Procedia Computer Science, 99, 195-212.
Lahteenmaki, S., & Mattila, M. (2001). “Critical aspects of organization learning research and proposal for its measurement”. British Journal of Management, 12, 113-129.
Liljander, V., Polsa, P., & van Riel, A. (2009). “ Modelling consumer responses to an apparel store brand: Store image as a risk reducer”. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 16, 281-290.
Mazzanti, M., Pini, P., & Tortia, E. (2006). “Organizational innovations, human resources and firm performance”. The Emilia-Romagna food sector. The Journal of Socio-Economics, 35, 123-141.
Montalvo, C. (2004). “What Triggers Change and Innovation?”. Technovation, 1-12.
Muninger, M.I., Hammedi, W., & Mahr, D. (2019). “The value of social media for innovation: A capability perspective”. Journal of Business Researc, 95, 116-127.
OECD (2005). “The measurement of scientific and technological activities Oslo Manual”. In Guidelines for collecting and interpreting innovation data. 3rd ed. Paris: OECD EUROSTAT.
Prajogo, D.I., & Sohal, A.S. (2003). “The Relationship Between TQM Practices, Quality Performance, and Innovation Performance”. Journal of Quality and Reliability Management, 20(8), 901-918.
Prieto, I.M., & Revilla, E. (2006). “Learning capability and business performance: a non-financial and financial assessment”. The Learning Organization, 13(2), 166-185.
Qrunfleh, S., & Monideepa T. (2014). “Supply chain information systems strategy: Impacts on supply chain performance and firm performance”. Int. J. Production Economics, 147, 340-350.
Ramírez, S.Q., Castaneda, W.L.R., & Velásquez, J.R. (2017). “Representation of unlearning in the innovation systems:A proposal from agent-based modeling”. Estudios Gerenciales, 13(1), 1-26.
Ravichandran, T. (2018). “Exploring the relationships between IT competence, innovation capacity and organizational agility”. Journal of Strategic Information Systems, 27, 22-42.
Reinartz, W., Krafft, M., & Hoyer, W.D. (2004). “The Customer Relationship Management Process: Its Measurement and Impact on Performance”. Journal of Marketing Research, 41, 293-305.
Rivard & Huff (1988). “Factors of success for End-User computing”. Communications of the ACM , 31(5), 552-561.
Rodriguez, S., Perez, J., & Delval, M. (2003). “An empirical study about the effect of cultural problematic on organizational learning in alliances”. Journal of The Learning Organization, 10( 3), 140-157.
Teece, D.J. (2000). Managing Intellectual Capital. Oxford University.
Tempelton, C., Lewis Brucer R., & Synder, C.A. (2002). “Development of Organizational Learning Contrust”. Journal of Management in Formation System, 10( 2), 175-218.
Wikhamn, W. (2019). “Innovation, sustainable HRM and customer satisfaction”. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 76, 102-110.
Wixom, B.H., & Watson, H.J. (2001). “An empirical investigation of the factors affecting data warehousing success”. MIS Quarterly, 25(1), 17-41.