نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری علوم سیاسی، دانشکدهی علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد شاهرود، شاهرود، ایران
2 دانشیار گروه علوم سیاسی ، دانشکدهی علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد آزادشهر، آزادشهر، ایران
3 استادیار گروه علوم سیاسی ، دانشکدهی علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد شاهرود، شاهرود، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The dispute over shared border waters can threaten international peace and security. The danger of the future war over water was widely discussed in academic and research circles in the early 1990s, and after that, policy makers came to the conclusion from academic research that there are few historical records about the occurrence of war over water. Is. Today, with 70% of the earth's water surface, mankind has not been able to solve the problems of its 30% soil because 97.5% of the earth's waters are salty. The country of Turkmenistan, whose land consists of the Qaraqom desert, has obtained its water needs from common and transboundary waters in different eras. Based on the descriptive-analytical method, this research tries to answer the question, what are the political-security challenges of Iran and Turkmenistan regarding the joint exploitation of Etrak and its hydropolitics? The findings of the research indicate that according to the general policies of the system, the sovereign diplomacy of the Islamic Republic of Iran regarding Atrak in the two periods before and after the collapse of the Soviet Union was tolerance, tolerance and avoidance of tension, and this is the cause of interest. Daring and most of Turkmenistan's departure from Turkey has become outside the international legal rules. Based on this, Iran should take a new approach to the Turkish hydropolitics and the two countries should turn potential challenges and conflicts into cooperation and development by providing suitable solutions.