عنوان مقاله [English]
Power has various dimensions, we mean here the dimension of popular and social governance, which is called social power. The Baluchis are among the influential ethnic minorities in the relations of Iranian society. The distribution of power in this region is two-level, meaning that power is divided into formal and informal spectrums, the formal level following the hierarchy of divisions by the central government and the informal level. It is based on ethnicity and religion. The purpose of this study is to explain the strategies of distribution of social power among Iranian ethnic groups with emphasis on the general policies of the system. This case study examines the Baluch ethnic groups living in the southeast of the country. This research is a qualitative research that uses a basic approach. It was based on data theory. The statistical population consisted of experts in the field of ethnicities and religions, including university professors, executive and security officials of the province and experts in the field of Baluch loved ones living in the area. Using targeted sampling approach, a total of 17 people were selected as participants in the study. Data were collected through interviews under the guidance of generalities and in a semi-structured manner and analyzed using content analysis method. The central theme of the study is how to distribute informal power among the Baluch people living in Iran, which ultimately led to the identification of four power spectrums including: They became religious elites, ethnic elites, scientific elites and economic elites.