نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی
1 عضو هیأت علمی دانشکده اقتصاد دانشگاه خوارزمی - ایران
2 عضو هیات علمی دانشکده اقتصاد دانشگاه خوارزمی- ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
In a world where communications, complexities and pace of change are on the rise, economic and social systems are faced with external and external threats that have low predictive capabilities and human knowledge about their effects and consequences is a little. The best way to deal with these risks is to promote national resilience and reduce vulnerability.
In this approach, it is a resilient society that can absorb temporary or permanent risks and adapt itself to rapidly changing circumstances without losing its stability and function.
In addition to facing economic and natural crises, the Iranian economy is subject to the sanctions and economic pressures of the opposing powers of Iran, while competing with the countries of the region and large economies against the Iranian economy. Therefore, redefinition of resistance economy is necessary considering the economic structure of Iran and due to the concepts of resilience and vulnerability.
In this article, a variety of vulnerability and resilience patterns are reviwed to compare the concepts of resistance economy and austerity. Also, the most important challenges and economic resistance strategies are proposed, including strengthening of the economic infrastructure, strengthening of the environmental infrastructure, strengthening of the infrastructure of governance, strengthening of the basic infrastructure and strengthening of social infrastructure.