بررسی اولویت‌بندی شاخص‌های ارزیابی سیاست‌های کلی نظام در بخش آب

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، گروه مهندسی آب، آبیاری و زهکشی، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران

2 دکترای مهندسی منابع آب، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه مهندسی آب، مهندسی منابع آب، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران

4 کارشناسی‌ ارشد رشته حقوق، دانشکدۀ حقوق، دانشگاه قم، قم، ایران

چکیده

در ادبیات مهندسی آب، به پایش کمیت‌های مورد تقاضا برای کنترل و ارزیابی برنامه‌ریزی عملیاتی توجه کمتری شده است. از این رو ارائۀ مدل‌های ارزیابی و اولویت‌بندی با روش‌های جدید، برای فراهم آوردن ابزار پایش برنامه‌ها، با استفاده از آخرین فناوری‌های موجود در جهان مورد تأکید بوده و نتایج کاربرد مدل به‌طور جامع بررسی شده است. در این تحقیق، از نرم‌افزار تصمیم‌گیری فازی به‌همراه روش وزن‌دهی تجمعی که از شناخته‌شده‌ترین روش‌های تصمیم‌گیری چندمعیاره محسوب می‌شود، استفاده شده است. برای این منظور، با استفاده از روش دلفی و از طریق طراحی پرسش‌نامه و دریافت نظر صاحب‌نظران، معیارهای مناسب برای اولویت‌بندی شاخص‌های سیاست‌های کلان بخش آب مشخص و وزن معیارها تعیین گردید و با توجه به امکان دستیابی به اطلاعات و داده‌ها امتیازدهی و با فرایند تحلیل سلسله‌مراتبی ارزش‌گذاری شد. براساس اولویت‌بندی با روش تصمیم‌گیری چندمعیارۀ فازی، شاخص‌های سرانۀ آب مصرفی، آب با درآمد، پایداری منابع آبی و درصد کاهش ضایعات محصولات با امتیازهای 100، 31/85، 47/80 و 02/80 به‌ترتیب رتبه‌های اول تا چهارم را در بین 20 شاخص اصلی جهت ارزیابی صنعت آب به خود اختصاص داده‌اند؛ درحالی که در فرایند تحلیل سلسله‌مراتبی، شاخص‌های پایداری آب زیرزمینی، مهار آب‌های خروجی از مرزها، تجهیز اراضی به شبکه‌های مدرن اصلی و فرعی و سیستم‌های نوین آبیاری با امتیازهای 100، 20/50، 42 و 89/23 به‌ترتیب شاخص‌های برتر بودند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Prioritization of Indicators for Evaluating the General Policies in the Water Sector

نویسندگان [English]

  • Azim Shirdeli 1
  • Zabihollah Khani Temeliyeh 2
  • Rasoul Mirabbasi Najafabadi 3
  • Younes Sayadian Barkhordar 4
1 Associate Professor, Department of Water Engineering, Irrigation and Drainage, Faculty of Agriculture, Zanjan University, Zanjan, Iran
2 PhD of Water Resource Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Orumieh University, Orumieh, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Water Engineering, Water Resource Egineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran
4 MA of Law, Faculty of Law, Qom University, Qom, Iran
چکیده [English]

In the literature of water engineering, there has been little research on the control and evaluation of executive plans. Accordingly, preparing a model of evaluation and prioritization for investigating plans through new models based on the latest technological discoveries is imperative, the function of which was analyzed in this article. In this study, the Fuzzy software and weighted aggregated method were employed. To this aim, the Delphi method and a constructed questionnaire (being validated by some experts) were used to prioritize the macro-policy indicators of water sector and measure their weight. They were, then, evaluated based on the data coding and the analytical hierarchy process. Following the prioritization via multifactor fuzzy method, indicators of yearly water usage, water income, sustainability of water resources, and the percentage of product residue reduction were 100, 85.31, 80.47, and 80.02, respectively, which gained the top four ranks among the 20 main indicators for evaluating water industry. However, in the process of analytical hierarchy, the indicators of underground water sustainability, saving water exiting the borders, equipping lands with main and peripheral modern networks, and modern systems of watering scored 100, 50.20, 42, and 23.89, respectively.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Evaluation indicators
  • planning
  • Policies
  • Water resources
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