راهبردهای تأمین امنیت ملی پایدار در مناطق مرزی کشور با رویکرد سیاست‌های کلی

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه مدیریت، دانشکدۀ علوم انسانی آزادشهر، دانشگاه گنبد کاووس، گنبد کاووس، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه کارآفرینی، دانشکدۀ مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران

چکیده

امروزه یکی از دغدغه‌های اصلی حکومت‌ها، مسأله تأمین امنیت مناطق مرزی است. هرچه این مناطق از حیث جغرافیایی و جمعیت‌شناختی، گسترده‌تر و متنوع‌تر باشند، تأمین امنیت آن‌ها حائز اهمیت بیشتری است. از جمله فعالیت‌های اقتصادی- اجتماعی که می‌تواند به توسعه پایدار در مناطق مرزی منجر شود، فعالیت‌های کارآفرینانه است و پژوهش حاضر در پی پاسخ‌گویی به این پرسش است که آیا کارآفرینی می‌تواند به‌عنوان راهبردی اساسی در تأمین امنیت پایدار مناطق مرزی مورد توجه سیاست‌گذاران و برنامه‌ریزان قرار گیرد؟ بدین‌منظور با بهره‌گیری از یک طرح پژوهشی کیفی روایتی، پژوهش‌ها، مفاهیم و نظریه‌های مرتبط با تأمین امنیت پایدار، کارآفرینی و برنامه‌ریزی توسعه کارآفرینی، بررسی و با رویکردی استدلالی و تفسیری، کارکردهای پدیده کارآفرینی به‌عنوان راهبرد توسعه مناطق مرزی تحلیل شد. نتایج حاکی است توسعه کارآفرینی می‌تواند به‌عنوان راهبردی کارا و اثربخش در تأمین امنیت مناطق مرزی محسوب شود؛ به‌گونه‌ای که هم برای ساکنین این مناطق و هم برای حکومت‌ها، رابطه برد- برد ایجاد می‌نماید. کارآفرینی علاوه بر ایجاد مزیت‌های متعدد اقتصادی، فرهنگی و اجتماعی، می‌تواند به افزایش امید و پویایی، شکوفایی استعدادها، توانایی‌ها و قابلیت‌های ساکنین مناطق مرزی منجر شود. نتایج در راستای سیاست‌های کلّی نظام از جمله سیاست‌های جمعیتی، آمایش سرزمینی و پدافند غیرعامل است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Sustainable National Security Strategies in Border Areas by General Policies Approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hadi Sanaeepour 1
  • Mehdi Zivdar 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Management, Faculty of Humanities, Azadshahr, Gonbad Kavous University, Gonbad Kavous, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Entrepreneurship, Faculty of Management and Economics, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran
چکیده [English]

One of the current concerns for governments is to ensure security in the border areas of the country. When these areas are more geographically and demographically varied, their security becomes more significant. One of the key socioeconomic factors which can increase sustainable development is entrepreneurship. This study aims to seek if entrepreneurship, as a basic strategy, can help policy makers to ensure sustainable security in border areas. To this aim, the studies, concepts, and related theories to ensure sustainable security, entrepreneurship and plans for its development were analyzed through a qualitative-narrative method. Employing an argumentative-interpretative approach, the functions of entrepreneurship as a development strategy for border areas were investigated. The findings indicate that an effective strategic entrepreneurship development can have a positive impact on increasing the security in the border areas. This brings along a win-win situation for the citizens of these areas and the government at the same time. Not only can entrepreneurship create economic, cultural, and social advantages, but it also can improve hope and dynamism, flourish creativity, and furnish the abilities of the citizens in the border areas. The results are in line with the macro-policies of the country, particularly the demographic, spatial planning, and passive defense policies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sustainable Security
  • sustainable Entrepreneurship
  • entrepreneurship development
  • strategy
  • Border Areas
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