مطالعة تطبیقی سیاست‌های نظام آموزش عالی کشاورزی با رویکرد سیاست‌های کلان بخش کشاورزی ایران

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکدۀ علوم دامی و شیلات، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری، ساری، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکدۀ علوم زراعی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری، ساری، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکدۀ علوم زراعی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری، ساری. ایران

4 دانشجوی کارشناسی، رشتۀ ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکدۀ علوم زراعی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری، ساری، ایران

چکیده

امروزه آموزش عالی کشاورزی با چالش‌هایی رو‌به‌روست که از مهم‌ترین آن‌ها کاهش استقبال افراد برای تحصیل در رشته‌های مذکور و افزایش بیکاری در بین دانش‎آموختگان آن است. بنابراین مطالعۀ سیاست‌های این نظام در کشورهای پیشرو در حوزۀ کشاورزی بسیار کمک‌کننده است. هدف اصلی این مقاله بررسی سیاست‌های آموزش عالی کشاورزی با رویکرد سیاست‌های کلان بخش کشاورزی کشور بود. کشورهای مورد مطالعه شامل ایالات متحدۀ امریکا، هلند و هندوستان بود که با روش تطبیقی و استفاده از الگوی بردی انجام شد. نتایج مطالعه نشان داد که نظام آموزش عالی کشاورزی در کشورهای منتخب با تهدیداتی مواجه است و این موضوع عمومیت دارد و مختص کشور خاصی نیست؛ اما تفاوت کشورها در چاره‌‌اندیشی و پاسخ‌گویی به تهدیدها و تدوین سیاست‌های منسجم شفاف و کارآمد و عمل کردن به آن‌هاست که میزان موفقیت کشورها را رقم می‌زند. مطابق با یافته‌ها و براساس مطالعۀ کشورهای شبیه‌تر به ایران، اجرای راهبردهایی مانند برندسازی و جهت‌گیری بازاریابی برای نظام آموزش عالی کشاورزی پیشنهاد شده است. همچنین یافته‌های تحقیق در تدوین سیاست‌ها و راهبردهای نظام آموزش عالی کشاورزی به سیاست‌گذاران این حوزه کمک می‌کند. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Comparative Study of Agricultural Higher Education System Policies with Macro Policies Aapproach in Agricultural Sector

نویسندگان [English]

  • Asadollah Teimouri Yansari 1
  • Fatemeh Shafiee 2
  • Fatemeh Razzaghi Borkhani 3
  • Parisa Noori Darzikolaie 4
1 Professor, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Animal Science and Fisheries, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran
2 Assistant Professors, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Crop Science, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran
3 Assistant Professors, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Crop Science, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran
4 BA Student of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Crop Sciences, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran
چکیده [English]

Currently, the higher education of agriculture is facing serious challenges, the most important of which is individual's lack of interest for studying the related majors, and increased unemployment among the graduated people. Accordingly, investigating the policies of the developed countries in agriculture could be beneficial. The main purpose of this study is to analyze the policies of higher education in agriculture through the approach of macro-policy of agriculture. The target countries are the USA, Netherland, and India which were studied comparatively and based on the board model. The findings indicated that the higher education system in agriculture in the selected countries is facing challenges which are not particular to a specific country. However, the resolutions, responsiveness to threats, and coherent, transparent, and practical policies are the key reasons for their success. Suggestions are made based on the findings and the comparative studies of the similar countries to Iran to execute the branding strategies and commercializing the higher education system in agriculture. The findings could also be implemented in designing policies and strategies of higher education in agriculture.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • strategy
  • employment
  • Agriculture
  • threat
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