فرصت‌های ایران در قبال نقش آفرینی گروه بریکس در نظام بین الملل چند قطبی

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد علوم سیاسی و روابط بین الملل دانشگاه گیلان

2 دانشجوی دکتری روابط بین الملل دانشگاه گیلان

3 دانشجوی دکتری روابط بین الملل علامه طباطبایی

چکیده

موضوع «تحول» و «انتقال قدرت» در نظام بین‌الملل و چگونگی آن یکی از مباحث جالب توجه نظریه‌پردازان بوده است. تحول، برخلاف گذشته که فقط بعد نظامی داشت، امروزه دارای ابعاد اقتصادی، سیاسی و فرهنگی هم هست. هرچند نظم آمریکامحور فعلی و اجماع واشنگتن هنوز غالب است، مؤلفه‌هایی همچون تغییرات در اقتصاد سیاسی بین‌الملل و کنشگری قدرت‌های نوظهور، نشان از تحول آیندۀ قدرت در نظام بین‌الملل دارد. همکاری‌ها و نهادسازی‌های قدرت‌های نوظهور حکایت از وجود اراده برای تغییر نیز هست. یکی از مصادیق این اراده گروه بریکس است. گروه بریکس خواهان تغییراتی در سازمان‌ها و ترتیبات اقتصادی و سیاسی نظام بین‌الملل در راستای منافع کشورهای به اصطلاح جنوب است. از سوی دیگر ایران یکی از مدافعان تغییر در نظام بین‌الملل است و با ادبیات اصلاحی خود یکی از منادیان و متقاضیان اصلی تغییر در نظم غرب‌محور جهان بوده است. بر مبنای مطالب گفته شده، سوال اصلی پژوهش این است که آیا ظهور قدرت‌های نوظهور، و به ویژه در قالب گروه بریکس، برای ایران فرصت‌هایی را بوجود می آورد. در پاسخ به این پرسش باید گفت ظهور بریکس در حوزه‌های سیاسی و اقتصادی فرصت‌هایی بالقوه‌ای برای جمهوری اسلامی ایران دارد و ایران می‌تواند از طریق همکاری‌های نهادی با بریکس و اعضای آن، از این مزایا بهره‌مند شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Iran's Opportunities for the Brics Group's Role in the Transition to the Multipolar International System

نویسندگان [English]

  • reza simbar 1
  • danyal rezapour 2
  • saman fazeli 3
1 full professor political science and international relations in the university of guilan
2 ph.d. student international relations in the university of guilan
3 ph.d. student international relations allameh tabatabai
چکیده [English]

The topic of "transformation" and "transfer of power" in the international system and how it has been one of the interesting topics of the theorists. Unlike in the past, which was the only military dimension, evolution now has economic, political and cultural dimensions. Although the current American consensus and Washington consensus are still dominant, components such as changes in international political economy, the activation of emerging powers, indicate the future of power in the international system. The emerging powers' emerging partnerships and institutions also indicate the will to change. One example of this will is the Brix Group. The BRICS group wants changes in the organizations and arrangements of the international system in line with the interests of so-called southern countries. , with its reformist literature, has been one of the main proponents of the change in the West-oriented order of the world. According to the articles, the main question of the research iand especially in the form of the Brix Group, would create opportunities for Iran? In response, the emergence of the Brix in the political and economic spheres has potential opportunities for the Islamic Republic of Iran, and it is possible to join the institutional group with this group and, if possible, to join it. Of course, the following sub question is also answered in the article: does Brix really want a change in some international arrangements? And whether it would be possible to join the emerging powers without joining Brix and merely by working with its members.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • BRICS
  • Iran's Foreign Policy
  • Power Transfer
  • America
  • Multilateralism
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