راهبردهای مدیریت سبز در مؤسسات آموزش عالی کشور مبتنی بر سیاست‌های کلی محیط‌زیست

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، رشتۀ مدیریت آموزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم انسانی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد گرمسار، گرمسار، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه مدیریت آموزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد گرمسار، گرمسار، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه مدیریت آموزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد گرمسار، گرمسار. ایران

چکیده

امروزه به‌دنبال افزایش نگرانی‌های ناشی از آلودگی‌های زیست‌محیطی، آموزش عالی، به‌عنوان یکی از محورهای اصلی توسعۀ پایدار، ملزم به پذیرش اصول مدیریت سبز در تمام امور آموزشی، پژوهشی و خدماتی خود شده است. بر این اساس، در پژوهش حاضر، برای یافتن راهبردهای لازم جهت تحقق اهداف سیاست‌های کلی محیط‌زیست در مؤسسات آموزش عالی ایران، به بررسی تجارب و نگرش صاحب‌نظرانی از حوزه‌های وزارت علوم، تحقیقات و فناوری، وزارت نیرو و سازمان محیط‌زیست پرداخته شد. این پژوهش از لحاظ هدف کاربردی ـ توسعه‌ای، از لحاظ نتیجه اکتشافی، از نظر روش کیفی و از لحاظ افق زمانی تک‌مقطعی بوده و با تأکید بر 15 مصاحبۀ نیمه‌ساختاریافته که مشارکت‌کنندگان در آن به‌صورت هدفمند و گلوله‌برفی تا رسیدن به اشباع نظری انتخاب شدند، انجام شده است. نتایج فرایند مقایسۀ مستمر، کدگذاری باز و محوری داده‌های جمع‌آوری‌شده، شناسایی و احصای راهبرد‌های  درون‌گرایی و برون‌گرایی با رویکرد سبز، سازمان‌دهی مجدد عملیات دانشگاه، توسعۀ فرصت‌های آموزشی و پژوهشی سبز، تقویت فرهنگ سبزاندیشی و توسعۀ فناوری سبز را نشان می‌دهد. برای حصول اطمینان از اعتبار داده‌ها و به‌منظور اطمینان از دقیق بودن یافته‌ها، برای سنجش پایایی و روایی پژوهش از روش‌های پیشنهادی لینکن و گوبا استفاده شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Green Management Strategies in Higher Education Institutions based on Environmental General Policies

نویسندگان [English]

  • Golshan Moradi 1
  • NADER SOLEIMANI 2
  • Hamid Shafie Zadeh 3
1 PhD Student of Educational Management, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University Garmsar Branch, Garmsar, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University Garmsar Branch, Garmsar, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University Garmsar Branch, Garmsar, Iran
چکیده [English]

As concerns regarding the environmental pollutions is increasing, higher education as one of the most important sectors of the sustainable development needs to focus on green management at all levels of teaching, research, and service. Accordingly, to figure out an appropriate strategy for achieving the macro-policies of environment in higher education institutions, this study reviews the experience and perspectives of the experts in the ministry of science, research and technology, ministry of power, and environmental organizations. The study targets a practical-developmental approach through an exploratory design. The method is qualitative within a cross-sectional timeline. The participants were involved in 15 semi-structured interviews for which they were purposefully and snow-ball sampled. The results of the proportion of comparison, open coding, and data showed internal and external factors of green approach, restructuring university practices, developing green education and research, empowering green culture, and developing green technology. To ensure the validity and reliability of the data, Lincoln and Guba methods were used.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • strategy
  • Green management
  • higher education intuitions
  • General Environmental Policies
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