بررسی اثر سرمایه‌گذاری بخش تعاونی بر اشتغال در راستای سیاست کلی اشتغال

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، گروه علوم اقتصادی، دانشکدة مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه علوم اقتصادی، دانشکدة مدیریت و اقتصادی، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران

3 کارشناسی‌ارشد علوم اقتصادی، دانشکدة مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران

چکیده

امروزه معضل بیکاری یکی از چالش­هایی است که کشور و به‌تبع آن استان سیستان و بلوچستان با آن مواجه است.  از سوی دیگر یکی از بخش­هایی که باعث ایجاد اشتغال می‌شود، بخش تعاونی است. طبق سند چشم­انداز 1404 و همچنین قانون برنامه­های توسعۀ اقتصادی کشور، به­ویژه اصل 44 قانون اساسی، بخش تعاونی یکی از پایه­های نظام اقتصادی کشور قلمداد شده و از دولت خواسته شده جهت کمک به تأمین عدالت اجتماعی، کاهش فقر و محرومیت و ایجاد اشتغال، حمایت­های مورد نیاز را با افزایش سهم فعالیت­های اقتصادی بخش تعاونی انجام دهد. از این رو هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثر سرمایه­گذاری بخش تعاونی بر اشتغال در مناطق مختلف استان سیستان و بلوچستان  با استفاده از روش اقتصادسنجی فضایی است. در این پژوهش، از داده­های مربوط به 50 شرکت تعاونی در مناطق مختلف استان سیستان و بلوچستان طی دورة 1391 تا 1396 استفاده شده است. نتایج مدل­های اقتصادسنجی فضایی نشان داد میزان دستمزد پرداختی در بخش تعاونی بیشترین میزان اثرگذاری مستقیم بر اشتغال استان را داراست. همچنین نتایج گویای آن است که در بخش تعاونی استان میان سرمایه­گذاری و اشتغال ارتباط مثبتی وجود دارد. نیز با توجه به نتایج تخمین­های مدل، متغیر شاخص قیمت رابطة مثبت و معنا­داری با اشتغال در بخش تعاونی استان داشته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Study on the Effect of Investing in the Cooperative Sector on Employment Considering the Employment General Policies

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mosayeb Pahlevani 1
  • Ramezan Hosseinzadeh 2
  • Hossein ali Bandani Kharikeh 3
1 Associate Professor, Department of Economics Science, University of Sistan and Balouchestan, Zahedan, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Economics Science, University of Sistan and Balouchestan, Zahedan, Iran
3 MA of Economics Science, Department of Economics, University of Sistan and Balouchestan, Zahedan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Employment has become a challenge currently in Iran and particularly in Sistan and Balouchestan. However, one of the sectors which can creative jobs is cooperatives. According to the prospective document of 1404 and the economic development plan, particularly article 44 of the constitution, the cooperatives are one of the main aspect of the country's economic system. The government is also asked to improve the economic activity of the cooperatives in order to ensure social justice, reduce poverty, and create jobs. Accordingly, this study aims to analyze the effect of investing in cooperatives on employment in different parts of Sistan and Balouchestan province using the spatial econometrics. The data were taken from 50 cooperatives in Sistan and Balouchestan province from 2012 to 2017. The findings of the spatial econometrics models show that the payment in cooperatives has the most direct effect on employment in the province. Moreover, the results show that there is a positive relationship between investment and employment in the cooperative sections of the province. Based on the results of the estimated model, the variable of price index has a significant positive relationship with employment in cooperative section of the province.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cooperative
  • employment
  • Investment
  • Wages
  • Spatial Econometrics
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