بررسی اثر تحریم‌های اقتصادی بر تولید و اشتغال بخش صنعت ایران

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار اقتصاد دانشگاه تربیت مدرس،تهران،ایران.

2 استادیار اقتصاددانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

3 دانش‌آموخته اقتصاد دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

بخش صنعت از نظر تنوع و فراوانی محصولات تولیدی و نیز قدرت اشتغالزایی در تحولات اقتصادی کشور نقش کلیدی دارد و امکان رشد و توسعۀ سایر بخش‌ها را فراهم می‌کند. در سال‌های اخیر سهم اشتغال صنعتی کاهش یافته و به نظر می‌رسد که در میان عوامل متعددی که بر میزان اشتغال بخش صنعت مؤثرند، تحریم‌های اقتصادی اثرات مخرب بیشتری بر میزان اشتغال داشته و این مقاله در پی بررسی این مسئله است که تحریم‌های اقتصادی چه اثری بر اشتغال بخش صنعت ایران داشته است. برای دستیابی به پاسخ، از داده‌های بانک مرکزی و مرکز آمار ایران در سال های 1355 تا 1395 استفاده شده و با روش سیستم معادلات هم‌زمان 3SLS تجزیه‌وتحلیل انجام شده است. یافته‌های پژوهش حاکیت می‌کند که تحریم‌های اقتصادی از کانال کاهش تولید صنعتی، سطح اشتغال در بخش صنعت را هم کم کرده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of economic sanctions on industrial production and employment of in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Morteza Ezzati 1
  • Hasan Heydari 2
  • Parvin Moridi 3
1 Associate Professor of Economics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran. Iran.
2 Assistant Professor of Economics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran. Iran.
3 Graduate of Economics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran. Iran.
چکیده [English]

The effect of economic sanctions on production and employment of industry in Iran
The industry sector plays a key role in the diversification and abundance of manufactured products as well as job creation in the country's economic development and allows the growth and development of other sectors. In recent years, the share of industrial employment has decreased, and it seems that among the many factors that affect the level of employment in the industry, economic sanctions have more damaging effects on employment. This article seeks to investigate what economic sanctions have had on the employment of the Iranian industry. To obtain the answer, data from the Central Bank and the Statistical Center of Iran during the years 1355 to 1395 were used and analyzed using the system of simultaneous equations of 3SLS. The research findings indicate that economic sanctions on the channel of reducing industrial production have reduced the level of employment in the industry.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • employment
  • Industrial Sector
  • Economic sanctions
  • Iran
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