بررسی وضعیت نوآوری ایران در مقایسه با کشورهای منتخب سند چشم‌انداز 1404

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، رشتۀ جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی شهری، دانشکدۀ علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

2 استاد، گروه جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی شهری، دانشکدۀ علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشکدۀ علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

10.30507/jmsp.2022.321308.2353

چکیده

نوآوری عاملی کلیدی در رشد و توسعۀ کشورها و پیشرفت آن‌ها در عرصه‌های داخلی و بین‌المللی است. با توجه به اهمیت موضوع، هدف این پژوهش بررسی وضعیت نوآوری ایران در مقایسه با کشورهای منتخب سند چشم‌انداز 1404 است. روش پژوهش توصیفی ـ تحلیلی است. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش به‌لحاظ مکانی کشورهای امارات، ایران، ترکیه، عربستان، قطر و مصر، و به‌لحاظ زمانی سال‌های 2011 تا 2018 م است که با استفاده از مدل پرومته تحلیل شده است. اساس داده‏های به‌کاررفته گزارش شاخص نوآوری جهانی است. نتایج تحلیل داده‏های نوآوری نشان داد کشورهای امارات و ترکیه در سطح بالا، عربستان سعودی و قطر در سطح میانی و مصر و ایران در سطح پایین توسعۀ شاخص‌های نوآوری قرار دارد؛ همچنین کشورهای امارات و ترکیه اصلی‏ترین رقیبان منطقه‏ای ایران در زمینۀ بهره‏مندی از شاخص‏های نوآوری است. هرچند کشور ایران در این بازۀ زمانی روند صعودی داشته است، نتوانسته به جایگاه اول منطقه که در سند چشم‌انداز ترسیم شده، برسد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analyzing Iran's Innovation Status in Comparison with Some Selected Countries in 2025 Vision Document

نویسندگان [English]

  • Saideh Alavi 1
  • Hossein Nazmfar 2
  • Mohammad Hasanzadeh, 3
1 PhD Candidate of Geography and Urban Planning, Faculty of Social Sciences, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Faculty of Social Sciences, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Management and Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran
چکیده [English]

Innovation is a key element in national and international development of the countries. Accordingly, this study aims to investigate the innovation status of Iran in comparison with some selected countries mentioned in the 2025 vision document. The research method is descriptive-analytical. The sample include Emirate, Iran, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Egypt from 2011 to 2018, all of which were analyzed through Promethee model. The data are extracted from the reports in the global innovation index. The findings showed that Emirate and Turkey have the highest level of innovation, Saudi Arabia and Qatar have the middle, and Egypt and Iran have the lowest level. Also, countries such as Emirate and Turkey can be considered as the main regional competitors of Iran with regards to the innovation indexes. Although Iran has had a rise in innovation during this period, it failed to achieve the promised level indicated in the vision document.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Innovation
  • 2025 vision document
  • global innovation index
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